Yemen in Brief:
Yemen is, historically, known as apart of Arab land located in the south-west of Arab peninsula extended from Arabic Gulf in the east to the Red sea in the west. The history of the Yemen stretches back over 3,000 years, and its unique culture is still in evidence today in the architecture of its towns and villages. The Greeks and Romans called the southern part of the peninsula "Arabia Felix", glorified by the fabulous wealth supposedly enjoyed by its inhabitants. After being part of the Ottoman Empire since the 16th century, the northern part (known as North Yemen) was established as an independent kingdom in 1918 and made a republic after the Yemeni revolution of 26 September 1962. The southern part consisted of several British protectorates in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As a result of a long struggle, Britain withdrew from the area in November 1967, and Southern Yemen became independent soon after.
The draft constitution of the unified state of Yemen was published in December 1989 and in January 1990 the border between the former North Yemen and the former South Yemen was opened to allow free movement for all citizens. The unification was proclaimed in 22 May, with Ali Abdullah Saleh as leader of the new Republic of Yemen and Sana'a as its capital. The new constitution was approved in May 1991.
Links to Yemen: